Mjölnir: Earths Trojan Asteroid

“Ball of Redemption” / “A Fiery Dragon” / “Star with Three Tails” / “Tornado of Fire” / “Fire dragging a trail of sparks” / “Bearded Star” / “Fire from Sky” / “The Great Star” / “Hail and Fire mixed with Blood” / “A White Horse, amid Flaming Fire” / “a Torch” / “Dragon’s Tail” / “Kalki, riding a White Horse wielding a comet-like Sword” / “Great Hail” / …… or MAYBE just a Trojan Asteroid!!

Yo, i surmised all this from veiwing lagrange point orbital discrepenciez in footage of recently discovered trojan asteroid in earth’z solar orbital path, retrospectively amusing to have it perhapz confirmed by historical references EXTRA to tha onez i used in my estimationz from personal knowledge, i think tho that, just coz even if asteroid only grazez atmosphere this time ie, whether or nae it bounces back to thor’z hand, in my opinion it should still be renamed “Mjolinor” after thor’z hammer, just because will DEFINATELY be Awesome Lightening around it like sparx from a vandergraff and LOUD Thunderz, njoi, i know i will.

ps, i took some wicked b&w photoz with old slr of busso [Busselton Western Australia] jetty in all it’z glory, day b4 cyclone alby hit, heh, heh, during cyclone i steered ol’28inch pushbike with feet whilst holding windcheater out either side like sail for FKN AWESOME split-minute run from dolphin road boatramp after body bash to highway just in time to see house roof, jarrah frame, lift off like kite & land in 1 piece across road, fkn awesome cupla dayz.

Another possible reference to earth’s trojan asteroid occasionally hitting planet & ice-shedding adding randomness & unpredictability to such events/non-events, eg, david vs goliath, maybe (gee, another METAPHOR in their book, DUH, rofpmslmfaool) goliath was THREAT used by priests of jews enemies temple to control surrounding lands, ie, that rock would crush them if they didn’t bring berries/gold etc, except THAT time, david tha “shepherd” (ie, jewish priest herding flock) david looks up & notices rock smaller (further away) than last time & sayz, “fkoff m8, it/z just a pebble slingshotting past, az ne fool could plainly see, right, lets start mesmerizing THEIR sheep too whilst they iz bereft of godz”, but dinnae forget, ice shedding causing random & unpredictableness of future encounterz, never know just when that asteroid might drop some ice & get all Mjolinor on yr arses. just a matter of time really (or is thet just energy wavez conflicting eachother thru placez in space, lol) Rock On!

newayz njoi linkz & writingz below from other crew pointing out MORE historical / mythological / scientific refz to samer reasoning.

ZOROASTRIAN PROPHECIES

Zoroastrian prophecies predict that an Asteroid will hit Earth at the End of the Age. This next passage from the Zoroastrian prophecies talks about the impact of a Comet or some sort of Asteroid that impacts the planet and which will precipitate the unfolding of other end times events.

“As Gochihr (a comet) falls in the celestial sphere from a moon-beam on to the earth, the distress of the earth becomes such-like as that of a sheep when a wolf falls upon it. Afterwards, the fire and halo melt the metal of Shahrewar, in the hills and mountains, and it remains on this earth like a river. Then all men will pass into that melted metal and will become pure; when one is righteous, then it seems to him just as though he walks continually in warm milk; but when wicked, then it seems to him in such manner as though, in the world, he walks continually in melted metal..Gochihr (the comet) burns the serpent in the melted metal, and the stench and pollution which were in hell are burned in that metal, and it (hell) becomes very pure. God sets the vault into which the evil spirit fled, in that metal; he brings the land of hell back for the enlargement of the world; the renovation arises in the universe by his will, and the world is immortal for ever and everlasting.”- The Bundahishn or Knowledge from the Zand.

This scenario is similar to the one described in the 1997 book ‘The Bible Code’ by Michael Drosnin. In it he describes how in 2012 an massive asteroid or comet may hit the Earth. This frightening but seemingly improbable turn of events is given some support from the most unlikely of places. In 2005 Nature Magazine which is the most prestigious science journal in the World, published a paper that came from one of the most respected research institutions in the United State, the University of California in Berkeley. In it the authors, Richard Muller and Robert Rhode described how they examined the 542 million year fossil record. What they found was that like clockwork mass extinctions regularly occurred on this planet at periodic intervals of between every 62 to 65 millions years. During this time around 75 per cent of all the species living on the planet will be wiped out in a sudden catastrophe. We know that the last mass extinction, which wiped out the dinosaurs, occurred around 65 million years ago. And we also know that this was caused by a massive asteroid strike that impacted in the Yucatan peninsula creating the enormous 180km diameter Chixulub crater. So all this has led scientists to believe that for some as yet unknown reason, the Earth witnesses at one massive mass extinction causing asteroid strike around every 65 millions years or so. By this reckoning there is the real and alarming possibility that we are over due for one and that a very large rock from outer space may impact the planet some time soon. This would uncanny correspond with the Zoroastrian prediction.

According to the various prophecies, the Comet or asteroid will come to symbolize the World War III. The prophecies indicate that not only will the Comet appear during the time the war will be going on, but it will strike the Earth (actually an ocean or sea) and will cause devastating tidal waves, earthquakes and volcanic eruptions leading to the loss of millions of lives. In all probability this event will pave the way for the Eastern forces to attack and occupy a weakened and devastated Europe. Other prophecies indicate that another collision will take place after the peace (following WW-III) is over and during the “End of the World”. Here is a collection of prophecies which indicate the event of Comets striking the earth.

The Bible – Book of Revelation (8:7-12)

“The first angel sounded, and there followed hail and fire mixed with blood, and they were cast upon the earth: and the third part of trees was burnt up, and all green grass was burnt up. And the second angel sounded, and as it were a great mountain burning with fire was cast into the sea: and the third part of the sea became blood; And the third part of the creatures which were in the sea, and had life, died; and the third part of the ships were destroyed. And the third angel sounded, and there fell a great star from heaven, burning as it were a lamp [other translations, “a torch”], and it fell upon the third part of the rivers, and upon the fountains of waters; And the name of the star is called Wormwood: and the third part of the waters became wormwood [means “bitter” or unpotable]; and many men died from the waters, because they were made bitter. And the fourth angel sounded, and the third part of the sun was smitten, and the third part of the moon, and the third part of the stars; so that the third part of them was darkened, and the day shone not for a third part of it, and the night likewise.”

Probably the comet/asteroid would be broken up in various chunks, big and small. Some smaller ones will come first (“hail and fire mixed with blood”), fall on the land and explode in balls of fire destroying trees and towns probably. The big one, the bulk of the core (“mountain burning with fire”) would hit the sea causing ships and creatures of the sea to be destroyed instantly. The resulting tidal waves would also destroy the coastal towns and cities. A smaller part of the comet or asteroid would fall on the land and throw up rocks and ash into the atmosphere. The resulting dust would rise into the atmosphere and block the sun and moonlight as is usual in such a scenario. The waters of the rivers would also be polluted, probably because of some radioactive minerals in the comet/asteroid, which would result in many deaths. It goes on to say “And the fifth angel blew his trumpet, and I saw a star fallen from heaven to earth, and he was given the key of the shaft of the bottomless pit; he opened the shaft of the bottomless pit, and from the shaft rose smoke like the smoke of a great furnace, and the sun and the air were darkened with the smoke from the shaft.” This seems to be a description of some kind of volcanic eruption which will be a result of the great impact of the comet/asteroid. This itself will also further contribute to the spewing of smoke and ash into the atmosphere, blocking the sunlight further. This is the general scenario which the scientists agree will be the result of a big comet or asteroid striking the earth. Thus the descriptions in the Biblical Book of Revelations, with all its religious fervour, is an accurate description of a Comet or asteroid striking the earth during the war of “Armageddon”. This would have seemed surreal to us but for the Comet Shoemaker-Levy 9, which all of humanity watched with awe when it broke up into several pieces and fell into the planet Jupiter during July 1994. There is also evidence of such collisions taking place in the Earth itself in the pre-historic times and also more recently in Tunguska, Siberia.

“And I saw heaven open and behold a white horse, and he that sat upon him….is called the Word of God…amid flaming fire (thunder and lightning)… (Rev.19, 11)

The Great Monarch will appear on a white horse (see the Hindu Prophecies below) “amid flaming fire”, which may describe the striking of the Comet.

MOTHER SHIPTON’S PROPHECIES

A fiery dragon will cross the sky
six times before the earth shall die.
Mankind will tremble and frightened be
for the six heralds in this prophecy.

For six days the Comet will go around the Earth in a spiral before hitting it.
Man will know what’s going to happen next, but will be unable to do anything in such a short time and with the war already on.

For seven days and seven nights
man will watch this awesome sight.
The tides will rise beyond their ken.
To bite away the shores and then
the mountains will begin to roar
and earthquakes split the plain to shore.

After the Comet strikes the sea, huge tidal waves will hit the coastal areas, volcanoes will erupt and earthquakes will occur all over as a result of the impact.

And flooding waters rushing in,
will flood the lands with such a din
that mankind cowers in muddy fen
and snarls about his fellow men.

The huge tidal waves will reach inland making a big noise. The wars will however continue unabated inspite of this disaster.

He bares his teeth and fights and kills
and secrets food in secret hill
and ugly in his fear, he lies
to kill marauders, thieves and spies.

A general lawlessness will spread, food will be hoarded, looting and rioting will start and anarchy will spread all around.

Man flees in terror from the floods
and kills, and rapes and lies in blood
and spilling blood by mankind’s hand
will stain and bitter many lands.

While civilians will try to flee from the floods, the invading army, taking advantage of the situation will invade Europe in full force and much blood will be shed.

And when the dragon’s tail is gone
man forgets and smiles and carries on.
To apply himself – too late, too late
for mankind has earned deserved fate.

After the Comet disaster and the war is over, a time of peace will come and man will soon forget the events and carry on with their lives.

His masked smile, his false grandeur,
will serve the gods their anger stir
and they will send the dragon back
to light the sky — his tail will crack.
Upon the earth and rend the earth
and man shall flee, king, lord and serf.

After the period of peace, another Comet will arrive! History repeats itself in such a short time but in a much larger scale. The Comet strikes again !

But slowly they are routed out
to seek diminishing water spout
and men will die of thirst before
the oceans rise to mount to the shore.
And lands will crack and rend anew
do you think it strange, it will come true.

This will be a much larger strike. Huge tidal waves and earthquakes will result. There will be a crisis of drinking water. Lands will come up from the sea and sink into the sea. Great earthquakes will occur and probably around this time the event called the “Three Days of Darkness” will take place as mentioned in other prophecies, leading to the end of this civilization and only one fourth of the population on the Earth will survive in the end of all of these to build a new civilization.

HINDU PROPHECIES

Hindu prophecies speak of an Avatar who is the incarnation, or manifestation, of God Vishnu. Hindu legend says that Vishnu has already assumed nine avatars, with a tenth, Kalki, due to appear at the end of the “Age of Untruth” to usher humankind into the “Age of Purity”. Kalki is the same person as the Awaited One or Second coming of Christ prophesized by other religion and probably “Chiren” of Nostradamus.

O Vishnu ! in the form of the fierce Kalki! For the destruction of the wicked, You carry a comet like sword in hand, trailing a train of disaster to them. Hail Hari! Lord of the universe!
* Gita Govinda by Jayadeva

Thus Kalki is symbolized with a sword in his hand. But this sword looks like no other sword. It is a Comet ! Kalki will appear at a time when the world and human society will reach the nadir of moral and cultural values, and lose all awareness of what is right and wrong. At that time, the root of all civilization itself, as it were, will be severed from mankind and people will drift along, not knowing their destination or direction.

In such chaos will come Kalki, riding a white horse and wielding a Comet-like sword to destroy the evil, degenerated world, speeding across it like a comet. He will complete the destruction of the world and prepare for its recreation in his image. The mythical prediction of Kalki, many say, is seen to be coming true in the modern world where corruption, selfishness, cruelty, violence and lack of concern for the environment are taking precedent over kindness, loyalty and uprightness…

“Whenever there is a withering of the law and an uprising of lawlessness on all sides, then I manifest Myself. For the salvation of the righteous and the destruction of evil, and for the firm establishing of the Law, I come to birth Age after Age.”
* Bhagavad-Gita. Book IV, Sutras 5, 7 & 8 respectively.

Another little known Hindu book named Divya Maha Kala Jnana, literally meaning “Divine Knowledge of the Time” written by Shree Veera Brahmendra Maha Swami, who lived in the modern Andhra Pradesh state of India, about 1000 years ago, had elaborated on the events preceding the appearance of Kalki or “Sree Veera Bhoga Vasantharaya” as he termed him.

Some of the descriptions of the events are amazingly similar to those described in the western religious texts or by prophets like Nostradamus and others. The details of his prophecies are given in the page Hindu Prophecies : The Kalki Purana. One of these prophecies indicate events similar to the rain of “hail and fire” described in the Bible and elsewhere :

A Star with three tails will be born in the east, due to which many villages will be reduced to ashes. [The “star with three tails” is the comet with three tails. Burning pieces falling from the comet will destroy cities, villages and forests].

Not long ago, a burning meteorite fell in the adjacent state of Orissa in India causing injuries and several houses were burnt down. The news got prominent coverage in the press worldwide. This perhaps point to the extent of destruction that burning pieces of a comet are capable of causing, apart from tidal waves.

Here are some clippings:
* Meteorite Hurts Five
Five people were injured and two houses gutted when a meteorite crashed to earth in eastern India. The meteorite crashed into a a remote village near the Bay of Bengal in the state of Orissa on Saturday, local media said. Five people were sent to hospital with injuries. The provincial revenue minister, Biswa Bhusan Harichandan, said authorities were waiting for more information about damages or casualties. The meteorite lit up the sky and caused windows to rattle as it passed overhead, sending hundreds of people rushing outside unsure what was happening, a resident of Kendrapara town said. “It was all there for just a few seconds but it was like daylight everywhere,” he said. Scientists plan to study the remains of the meteorite. “Such celestial occurrences are common in space but not visible to the naked eye. This is a rare phenomenon in this region,” said Jaydev Kar, a scientist at the Pathani Samant Planetarium in Orissa’s capital Bhubaneswar.

* Meteorite Injures Eight in Orissa (Indo-Asian News Service. Bhubaneswar)
Parts of a meteorite falling from the sky have injured eight people in Orissa. The meteorite appeared on the sky at about 6.30 pm on Saturday, lighting up several coastal districts, people who witnessed the event claimed. It lasted about six seconds and was also visible in the state capital. Two bits of debris fell in front of a thatched house in Sudusudia village in Mayurbhanj district and another on the house of a villager, burning it to ashes, police officials said on Sunday.

* Meteorite Lights Up Evening Sky in Orissa. (HT Correspondent, Bhubaneswar)
A UNIQUE pyrotechnic show was witnessed in parts of Orissa on Saturday. A big meteorite came hurtling down the sky at about 6.30 p.m., lighting up the firmament in a brilliant flash lasting a few moments. Panic gripped Khurda, Cuttack, Jagatsinghpur, Kendrapara, Balasore and Puri districts after people witnessed the flash in the sky. Senior scientist of the Pathani Samanta Planetarium, Jaydev Kar, said this was the first time a meteorite of such dimensions was seen. Kar said unlike the usual meteorites, this one did not burn up before reaching earth. Pieces of the meteorite are believed to have fallen somewhere in Jagatsinghpur district. Jagatsinghpur SP S.K. Palsania said several police teams have been dispatched to trace the remnants of the meteorite.

ZOROASTRIANISM SCRIPTURE

“Sosiosh, will be brought down on a Horse in a “tornado of fire.” (Magian Zend-Avesta)
According to Zoroastrian scripture, the end of the world will come about when a comet, called Gochihr, strikes the earth. Its “fire and halo” will melt all metals and minerals and will burn up the world in a general conflagration. The resulting boiling flood of metal will flow over the earth like a river. The righteous, as well as the wicked souls (released from hell) will pass through it. The wicked will be purified of their sins, but the pious will feel like they’re passing through warm milk. If there are to be two Comet strikes as said by Mother Shipton, this might be a reference to the second one during the “end of the world”.

“And then Shahrewar will release molten metal into that hole where they entered (the world), and it will go in after them. Those demons will thus fall from this earth to Hell, just as a stone, when it falls or is thrown into water, quickly sinks to the bottom of the water. Then when punishment is inflicted on the wicked ones, the Sosans will perform one act of worship and one-fifth of the other demons will be destroyed, and he will perform a second act of worship one-fifth (will be destroyed), (with) a third act of worship one-fifth (will be destroyed), (with) a fourth act of worship one-fifth (will be destroyed) and he will perform a fifth act of worship and all the demons will be taken away.”
* From Pahlavi Rivayat, ch 48. based on tr. of A.V. Williams, 1990.

NOSTRADAMUS

After great misery for mankind an even greater approaches when the great cycle of the centuries is renewed. It will rain blood, milk, famine, war and disease. In the sky will be seen a fire, dragging a trail of sparks -II.46

During the war the Comet “fire dragging a trail of sparks” approaches from the sky to wreck destruction.

The great mountain, seven stadia round, after peace, war, famine, flooding. It will spread far, drowning great countries, even antiquities and their great foundations -I.69

Here is the clear description and size of the Comet. The tidal waves created by the strike of the comet in the sea will spread far, flooding many countries.

During the appearance of the bearded star, the three great princes will be made enemies: Struck from the sky, peace earth quaking, Po, Tiber overflowing, serpent placed upon the shore. -II.43.

When the Comet (“bearded star”- the star with beard) appears, the war will go on. Then it will strike the earth from the sky. The water from the tidal waves will even travel inland and the rivers will overflow as a result.

Mabus then will soon die, there will come of people and beasts a horrible rout: Then suddenly one will see vengeance, hundred, hand, thirst, hunger when the comet will run. – II.62.

After “Mabus” dies, the Comet will arrive and strike the earth. Eastern forces will seize the opportunity provided by the chaos to take the revenge for the death of “Mabus” and probably attack Europe as is indicated elsewhere.

Through fire from the sky the city almost burned: The floods threatens Deucalion again: Sardinia vexed by the African fleet, after Libra will leave Leo – II.81

“Deucalion” is the Greek equivalent of Noah. The “fire from sky” may describe the use of nuclear weapons. But the association of floods with it may mean that the Comet strike will result in the flood (of similar proportions as during Noah’s time) due to tidal waves. Some of the burning fragments may strike cities. Soon after, Arab forces will start attacking Europe.

At the 48th degree of the climacteric, the end of Cancer there is a very drought. Fish in the sea, river and the lake boiled hectic, Bearn & Bigorre in distress from fire in the sky – V.98

This is a description of either a nuclear attack or the Comet strike. “Fire in the sky” tallies with the description of other similar events.

Very near Auch, Lectoure and Mirande a great fire will fall from the sky for three nights. The cause will appear both stupefying and marvellous; shortly afterwards there will be an earthquake. – I.46

Advance fragments of burning comet pieces will fall from the sky for three nights. The cause will definitely be “stupefying and marvellous” as people realise that they are going to be hit by a comet which has happened never before in the recorded human history. Shortly afterwards, when the core of the comet strikes the seabed, a great earthquake will be felt all around.

In the year that Saturn and Mars are equally fiery, the air is very dry, a long comet. From hidden fires a great place burns with heat, little rain, a hot wind, wars and raids -IV.67.

The Comet is again indicated in this quatrain and it is associated with war.

Condom and Auch and around Mirande, I see fire from the sky which encompasses them. Sun and Mars conjoined in Leo, then at Marmande, lightning, great hail, a wall falls into the Garonne. – VIII.2.

French cities are engulfed by “Fire from the sky” and “great hail” and lightning. Nostradamus probably tells here of the fragments of the comet which falls on the land. The description is similar to the “hail and fire” mentioned in the Biblical Revelations.

The great star will burn for seven days and the cloud will make the sun appear double. The large mastiff will howl all night when the great pontiff changes his abode – II.41.

In all likelihood “the great star” burning for seven days is the Comet which will be seen in the sky for seven days before is strikes the Earth. The duration is close to the “six days” mentioned in Mother Shipton’s prophecies. The comet has to be very close to the Earth to be visible in the daylight as another “sun”. Surely a Comet rushing towards Earth will appear like this ! The Pope is airlifted to safety, probably to the USA, after scientists work out that the probable impact point will be around Europe and that Rome is likely to be affected severely after the Comet strikes. “The large mastiff will howl all night” – probably indicates the continuous sound of the siren that will sound in Rome and probably in all cities of Europe when emergency evacuation measures are taken to move people away from southern Europe.

The suddenness of the event will leave the people with no options but to try to flee the projected area of impact. All these events are eerily close to the scenario shown in movies like “Armageddon” or “Deep Impact” etc. Unlike the movies however, the detection of the Comet will be made only a week before the impact, during a time the world is already in trouble, leaving no scope for heroic actions to save the planet.

Only a few quatrains of Nostradamus relating to the comet-strike have been discussed above. A separate page has been dedicated to the detailed analysis of the quatrains of Nostradamus which describe the comet-strike and its effects. Click to go to the page Quatrains indicating Comet-Strike.

CONTEMPORARY CHRISTIAN PROPHECIES

In the recent times prophecies on World War III and on the impending Comet strike on earth has been coming from various esoteric sources, including visions of Mary and Jesus appearing to various persons with Christian belief. The comet has been referred to as the “Ball of Redemption” in these prophecies.

It seems that America too is going to be affected by the striking comet. This explains why it will be unable to help Europe in resisting Arab invasion coming after the comet strike. Conversely, the Arab countries seem to be relatively less affected by the falling Comet. Mother Shipton’s prophecies though, seem to indicate two Comet strikes, the second being probably larger in magnitude. It is hard to say about which one the Comet strikes these Christian prophecies are speaking of.

In conclusion, all indications are that the larger piece of the Comet will strike somewhere in the sea near the southern Mediterranean coast of Italy/France. Smaller chunks will strike places in France and destroy towns and cities. The larger one will cause huge tidal waves, which will sweep the coastal area of southern Europe and cause earthquake and volcanoes. The floods that are said to engulf the British Isles can also be a result of the tidal waves. Thus, this Comet, in its one mighty sweep will render Europe defenseless and weak which will enable the Arab/Eastern forces to attack and conquer Europe, albeit temporarily, which would otherwise have not been logically possible. The course of World War III will thus be defined by the Comet.

Biblioteca Pleyades. Ragnarok. The Age of Fire and Gravel. by Ignatius Donnelly [1883] (from SacredTexts website)

Introduction. by J.B. Hare
This companion book to Donnelly’s Atlantis, the Antediluvian World, published one year later, is less well known today. Ragnarok is out of print except through specialty print-on-demand publishers, while Atlantis, the Antediluvian World is in print and fairly easy to obtain. Ragnarok, The Age of Fire and Gravel, proposes that a comet impacted the Earth several tens of thousands of years ago; the impact produced the ‘Drift’ layers of gravel which have been attributed to the Ice ages; this event destroyed a civilization which had high technology, a civilization which vanished completely except for some myths; the disaster was accompanied by catastrophic fire followed by years-long cloud cover and extreme cold.

Humanity survived only by hiding in deep caves; when they re-emerged they had to restart civilization from scratch. Donnelly provides extensive geological, archeological, astronomical and mythological evidence for this theory. The book is not academic and often sensationalistic, but his populist style does not seem to detract from the argument.

Today, mass extinction from cometary impact is considered mainstream science, supported by a huge body of physical evidence. In Donnelly’s time it was unknown that cometary or asteroid impacts had even occurred on this planet. There was very little knowledge of the structure or nature of comets. Today, we have sent probes into Halleys’ comet, landed a probe on an asteroid, and witnessed the impact of Comet Shoemaker-Levy on Jupiter. We also have extensive data about impact craters on the Earth, Moon, Mars and other planets and moons.

The impact event which wiped out the dinosaurs has been validated by a layer of iridium, an otherwise rare element, which appears in the strata in the layer just above the dinosaurs, and a recently discovered impact crater in the Yucatan. There have also been other mass extinctions in the geological past, for instance the Permian extinction before the age of the dinosaurs which also wiped out nearly all life on earth. This growing knowledge of the risk of impact events to our civilization was popularized recently in a pair of big-budget disaster movies: Deep Impact andArmageddon. However, the theory that such an event occurred in the recent geological or even historical past is still considered speculative.

Immanuel Velikovsky (Worlds in Collision, London 1950) proposed that a mass broke loose from Jupiter and became Venus after a near-encounter with Earth in classical antiquity, and used it as a mechanism to justify a literal interpretation of Biblical episodes. In the stifling atmosphere of the 1950s there was a severe backlash by the scientific establishment, which made a rational debate over the merits of his theories impossible. It seems to this writer that Velikovsky’s use of Biblical texts was a step backwards from Donnelly, as Donnelly did not insist on a literal, particularly chronological interpretation of the material; Ragnarok constructs a radical rearrangement of Genesis and the Book of Job, and places the events they describe in the prehistoric past. Velikovsky dismisses Donnelly in one paragraph in a footnote.

In addition, Velikovsky’s astromechanics still seem unbelievable, in particular, the proposal that the ‘Earth stood still’ as described in the Book of Joshua, due to tidal effects of the near encounter. The late Carl Sagan, to his credit, analyzed this hypothesis, and concluded that while this is feasible, the ambient temperature would have been raised by 100 to 240 degrees Kelvin worldwide, depending on the latitude, which obviously would have led to the extinction of life on earth.

More recently the book When the Earth Nearly Died by D.S. Allan and J.B. Delair [1995] (reissued as Cataclysm: Compelling Evidence of a Cosmic Catastrophe in 9500 B.C.), brought together a mass of evidence that a catastrophic impact of extrasolar material occurred in 9,500 B.C. They believe that this body was ejected by the Vela supernova. They present a compelling amount of physical and other evidence of multiple impacts, giant tidal surges, massive rearrangements of the surface of the Earth, overnight mountain-building, as well as a polar shift. However, this begs the question as to how humanity could have lived through a catastrophe of this dimension, even if advanced technology was on hand. If this sort of event occurred today we would be hard-pressed to survive it. Allan and Delair’s book, however, is academic to a fault, and much better put together and documented than Velikovsky. I heartily recommend it as a worthy successor to Ragnarok.

The truth of this hypothesis has yet to be determined. However, if even a ‘moderate’ impact event occurred in 9,500 B.C. and destroyed an unknown prehistoric civilization it would explain a great deal–for instance the radical fluctuations in climate and sea-level at that time; the Piri Reis map as well as other anomalous maps, not to mention many otherwise mystifying myths such as the Icelandic Voluspa and the Zoroastrian Vendidad.

While Donnelly quoted from Zoroastrian scriptures as supporting evidence, there is one item that he missed which has taken on additional relevance in the light of advances in genetics and our knowledge of the effect of cometary and asteroid impacts.

Here is a short extract from the Zoroastrian Vendidad, in which the Deity, Ahura Mazda, commands a man, Yima, to build a shelter: And Ahura Mazda spake unto Yima, saying:
‘O fair Yima, son of Vîvanghat! Upon the material world the fatal winters are going to fall, that shall bring the fierce, foul frost; upon the material world the fatal winters are going to fall, that shall make snow-flakes fall thick, even an aredvî deep on the highest tops of mountains. And all the three sorts of beasts shall perish, those that live in the wilderness, and those that live on the tops of the mountains, and those that live in the bosom of the dale, under the shelter of stables….

Therefore make thee a Vara {an enclosure}, long as a riding-ground on every side of the square, and thither bring the seeds of sheep and oxen, of men, of dogs, of birds, and of red blazing fires. Therefore make thee a Vara, long as a riding-ground on every side of the square, to be an abode for men; a Vara, long as a riding-ground on every side of the square, to be a fold for flocks. There thou shalt make waters flow in a bed a hâthra long; there thou shalt settle birds, by the ever-green banks that bear never-failing food. There thou shalt establish dwelling places, consisting of a house with a balcony, a courtyard, and a gallery.

Thither thou shalt bring the seeds of men and women, of the greatest, best, and finest kinds on this earth; thither thou shalt bring the seeds of every kind of cattle, of the greatest, best, and finest kinds on this earth. Thither thou shalt bring the seeds of every kind of tree, of the greatest, best, and finest kinds on this earth; thither thou shalt bring the seeds of every kind of fruit, the fullest of food and sweetest of odor. All those seeds shalt thou bring, two of every kind, to be kept inexhaustible there, so long as those men shall stay in the Vara.

While at first this appears to be similar to the story of Noah, it has two aspects which until recently would have been baffling. First of all, the nature of the disaster, which sounds a lot like the prolonged ‘nuclear winter’ following an impact event, possibly lasting years or decades. If this cold period was simply a very deep winter why go to all this trouble? The text mentions the phrase ‘the fatal winters’ twice, which implies a duration of at least several years, which is not normal weather even at the worst of times. Secondly, the inventory which Yima is commanded to store in the shelter: the seeds of humans, animals and plants. While storing seeds of plants might be a reasonable extension of the Noah myth, Who (prior to the recent advances in biology) would think of storing seeds of humans and animals (DNA)?

Or even that fauna have ‘seeds’? And how would this genetic material be reanimated after emerging from the shelter, which the Vendidad does not explain? Note also the (hydroponic?) gardens and provision for livestock in the shelter; it sounds a lot like a Biodome-style environment, which would be needed to survive the extensive period after an impact event. This sounds strangely like a specification for a shelter that a civilization with a level of technology close to ours (or slightly more advanced) would build to survive an impact event.

As always, the reader is invited to make up their own mind.